The leaves, and flowers on the head of a garlic plant are also edible and are occasionally consumed but while they are still tender and young. While this study makes every effort to model a production system based on typical, real world practices, it cannot fully represent financial, agronomic and market risks which affect the profitability and economic viability of garlic production. Garlic Production in China Hits Record in 2020. India came in second while other countries accounted for less than 0.5 million tons per year. However, the yield produced in China (23.08 t ha-1) was more Metric … Management of the Experimental Field 19 3.4. In the United States, production of garlic is mostly focused in Gilroy, California dubbed as ‘the garlic capital of the World’. Asia-Pacific dominates the global market for garlic, with particularly China being the leader not only in this region but also globally. It is native to Central Asia and northeastern Iran and has long been a common seasoning worldwide, with a history of several thousand years of human consumption and use. The Role of Variety on Garlic Yield and Yield Components 13 2.9. Garlic (Allium sativum) is a species in the onion genus, Allium.Its close relatives include the onion, shallot, leek, chive, Welsh onion and Chinese onion. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com, The Top Garlic Producing Countries In The World, Top Milk Producing Countries In The World, The Top Platinum Producing Countries In The World, The Top Lithium Producing Countries In The World, The World’s Largest Oil Reserves By Country. Globally, China is by far the largest producer of garlic producing $2.6 billion or 72.8% of the world’s total in 2016. Most garlic plants are divided into some fleshy portions known as cloves. Major growing areas are USA, China, Egypt, Korea, Russia and India (Innvista, 2005) (Fig. This is a list of countries by garlic production from the years 2016 to 2018, based on data from the Food and Agriculture Organization Corporate Statistical Database. Garlic probably originates from central and southwestern Asia. Ranking based on 3-Year Growth in Quantity. World - Garlic - Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights Update: COVID-19 Impact. Function of Nitrogen in Growth and Development 14 3. like China, garlic production exceeds dry onion production. The trend pattern, however, indicated some noticable fluctuations throughout the analyzed period. Garlic is also used as a preservative for meat and fish whereas the viscid liquid between garlic cloves is used as an adhesive to mend porcelain and glass. Garlic has economic value to the countries that produce it in large quantities.However, the consumption of garlic has a high amount of nutritional value since it contains very little calories. It has purple to white scales. In present day, the United States garlic crop totals 511.5 million pounds. In 2015 the world production of garlic was estimated at 25 million with China constituting of 80% of the total production. Garlic scientifically known as Allium sativum is a plant species belonging to Allium which is an onion genus. Food and Agriculture Organization Corporate Statistical Database, List of top international rankings by country, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_countries_by_garlic_production&oldid=994962400, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 13:20. Among top 20 countries by production volume. Garlic is usually used as a condiment in food, in combination with other vegetables or meats. Following China, other significant garlic producers include India (5% of world production) and Bangladesh … Overall, the global garlic output pursued a pronounced growth from 2007 to 2015. Most if not all garlic cultivation is proliferated asexually through the separate planting of garlic cloves on the ground, however, sexual proliferation of garlic is possible. Majority of the garlic is produced in Asia (87%), China and India, being the largest producers, collectively accounting for 78% of the production but in Africa accounting only 2.8% of the total world production. Garlic mostly thrives in sunny regions which have well-drained soils that are loose and dry.Large bulbs whose cloves can be easily separated are the best to use for planting during the cultivation of garlic. China was by far the largest producer, accounting for over 78% of world production at 22,273,802 tonnes. Garlic is popularly used for the culinary purpose as a food additive or spice, especially as a seasoning or dressing.Garlic cloves are also used in the flavoring of oils which in turn are used to season all types of vegetables, bread, pasta, and meat. The bulb part of the plant is the one that is mostly used. Garlic cloves can either be consumed raw or cooked for both culinary and medicinal purposes. The garlic plant is bulbous and grows up to a height of 1.2 meters in height. Description of the Study Site 18 3.2. The important garlic producing countries in the world are china, Turkey, India, Thailand, Korea, Egypt, Pakistan etc. That dollar value reflects an 11.3% increase since 2015 and a 30.9% uptick from 2018 to 2019. The remaining producing countries recorded the following average annual rates of production growth: India (+ % per year) and Bangladesh (+ % per year). This resulted in a major drop in import volumes from China, which led to a shortage of garlic in South Africa. Data Briefs. Countries with Biggest Production Gain. It matures 90 to 110 days after planting and has a potential yield of 3.5 tons per hectare. Some importers grabbed this opportunity to shop for garlic on the world market, and garlic started to pour into South Africa from other countries. The risks associated with garlic production should not be minimized. Soil Analysis Methods … In China, garlic production expanded at an average annual rate of + % over the period from 2007-2019. Most of the garlic sold in the U.S. originates from Gilroy, California, but the industry as a whole covers the entire country and most of the world. In Europe garlic that has been slightly smoked is becoming a popular cuisine used to stuff game and poultry meat while in Asia they use garlic leaves to make a popular vegetable. This video shows the top 10 countries of garlic production from 1962 till 2017 in tonnes. Target has been set to produce around 2.63 lakh tons of garlic from 31,260 hectares of land in four districts under Rajshahi Agricultural Zone, while another 1.27 lakh tons from 14,957 hectares of land in four other districts under Bogra Agricultural Zone. Garlic plants can be grown nearby provided that space is left to allow bulbs to mature thus can be grown in deep containers. Within the garlic industry, you’ll find three different types of products are typically sold: certified seeds, fresh garlic, and dehydrated garlic. India came in second while other countries accounted for less than 0.5 million tons per year. China is the World's leading Garlic producer with 21,263,237 tonnes yearly production. Curated by Knoema’s data analysts to deliver leading short-term and long-term indicators and forecasts from trusted sources for each of the covered industries. It can be grown well at elevations of 1000-1300 m above sea-level. The average price of garlic has been around $60 per cwt., but wholesale fresh-market prices have been consistently 3 to 4 times higher. It holds more than 70% of the global garlic production. Marketing . China is the leading producer of onions in the world. Garlic production in China is significant to the worldwide garlic industry, as China provides 80% of the total world production and is the leading exporter. In this study, the aim was determined the garlic production cost and profitability of farmers in Kastamonu province. China is the leading producer of garlic accounting for 20.0 million tons followed by India with 1.25 million tons per year. Rank. Garlic Production and Productivity in Ethiopia 10 2.7. China being the leading garlic producer is contributing around 20 million tonnes annually, accounting over 81% of world total production with the productivity of 23.53 t/ha. Four major allium crops, the onion, Chinese chive, garlic, and Welsh onion are grown throughout the country. Garlic is popularly known for its ability to work as a natural antibiotic. MATERIALS AND METHODS 18 3.1. Basic Edition (Single License) $1995 $3 990. China was by far the largest producer, accounting for over 78% of world production at 22,273,802 tonnes. Insights blog. Supplements of garlic are known to boost the immune system in fighting diseases such as common cold and boost athletic performance, heart function and helps reduce blood pressure. In the United States, production of garlic is mostly focused in Gilroy, California dubbed as ‘the garlic capital of the World’. Moreover, garlic production in China exceeded the figures recorded by the second-largest producer, India (tonnes), more than tenfold. It is moderately resistant to insect pests and diseases. According to the United States Department of Agriculture, garlic has a hardiness level of eight. About one-half of U.S. garlic production is sold in the fresh market; the other half is dehydrated. Experimental Materials, Treatments and Design 18 3.3. The production of garlic is favored in a region with temperatures ranging from 12 to 24 degree Celsius. Organic garlic (Wikimedia Commons) Worldwide garlic exports by country totaled US$2.8 billion in 2019. Garlic cloves are characterized by a tart, spicy flavor that gets savory and sweet when cooked. Production levels and areas 3.1 South Africa Garlic is native to Europe and is said to have been disliked by the Romans because of its strong odour but was fed to their labourers and soldiers. It was used in England by the first half of the 16th century. Worldwide the area covered by garlic exceeds 1,199,929hectares with a production of 17,674,893 tones. The United States ranked tenth in total garlic production in the world at only 0.05%. The combined planting area of these crops in China is 0.473 million ha and the average annual production is 11.16 million tons a year. … Currently, Pakistan is positioned at nineteenth, with an annual production of 81,167 tonnes of garlic which is very low as compared to the top yielding countries. $299 $2 390. Latest releases of new datasets and data updates from different sources around the world. Garlic (Allium sativum) is a species in the onion genus, Allium. The total world production for garlic in 2018 was 28,494,130 metric tonnes, up by 3.1% from 27,648,023 tonnes in 2017. You will receive a PDF copy of the report by email within 24 hours (Mon - Fri). The total output figures increased at an average annual rate of +X%. Variety Development 11 2.8. The data were obtained from 105 farmers surveyed. Nov 12, 2020; ProduceReport reports that the harvesting of garlic is nearing completion in China, and, according to all preconditions, the country will store a record amount of this product this year. Share in Production % Production Quantity. Explore the archive of the Garlic production volume and market shares in countries with the most competitive Garlic markets. Garlic has been used since the ancient times for food flavoring and as a traditional medicine. It is now found in most countries and climates, with highest production in China and India. The suitable growth temperature for garlic is 13 to 24°C. The plant produces hermaphrodite flowers that are pollinated by bees and other insects. In 2015 the world production of garlic was estimated at 25 million with China constituting of 80% of the total production. While China produces nearly 80 percent of garlic worldwide, India came second, accounting for about five percent. China is the leading producer of garlic in the world. 1). world through trade and colonization (Etoh and Simon, 2002).Today, garlic is grown in temperate and tropical regions all over the world, and many varieties have been developed to suit different climates. The United States is the world's largest importer of garlic, primarily from China, Argentina, and Mexico. The other three top producing countries of garlic include; South Korea, Egypt, and Russia producing 0.35, 0.26 and 0.26 million tons respectively. Country. The garlic species is closely related to other plant species including leeks, shallots hives and onions. Garlic contains a compound known as Allicin which is believed to possess medicinal properties. Unlimited Annual Subscription (View All Reports Online) Buy the report Licenses. Garlic Production for the Gardener Wayne J. McLaurin (Retired), Department of Horticulture; David Adams, Department of Entomology; Taft Eaker, Department of Plant Pathology Reviewed by Robert Westerfield G arlic (Allium sativum) is a hardy perennial member of the onion family. It is a plant in the onions family and is close related to the onion, shallot, leek and chive. Ilocos White is the most common variety of garlic planted for commercial production in the country. Get updated on the current Garlic production volumes and market shares. Garlic is a major ingredient in most cultures and therefore is grown throughout the world. Garlic is an easy plant to grow which can be planted throughout the year in climates that are mild. Today, garlic is one of the twenty most important vegetables in the world, with an annual production of about three million metric tons. About 4 500t of the crop is sold in South Africa a year. 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