Scotts® Turf Builder® Grass Seed Tall Fescue Mix. Average germination time for grass seed. Mowing: Mow lawn at a height of 3 inches. The effects of temperature and other factors on the germination of fescue seeds have been studied since the mid 1900s (Kearns and Toole, 1939). Tall fescue? For best results and to make the most of your investment, select cultivars recommended on the Turffiles website. Zoysia Grass . Follow these best practices for grass seeding for a more beautiful and resilient lawn. For Upper Midwest lawns, mid-August may bring ideal conditions. 7 to 12 days. After coaxing the seeds to germinate, slowly reduce watering frequency. It is valued for easy establishment, drought resistance and improved heat tolerance over many other tall fescue varieties. Annual Ryegrass. 2. Medium coarse bladed texture with high drought tolerance. Fall planting offers other benefits, too. Ideal fall seeding time for turf-type tall fescues, such as The Rebels® Brand Tall Fescue Blend, varies depending on where you live. However, … Follow best practices for planting grass seed, from seed selection and soil testing to proper care during germination and beyond. If temperatures fluctuate too widely or you forget to water for a few days, the germination time will change. In general, fescue remains active between 50 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit but becomes dormant with extreme temperatures above and below this range. When To Plant Fescue Grass. Late summer to early fall is the best time to plant tall fescue seed. It germinates best when the soil temperatures are between 50 and 65 degrees. One of the biggest things ground temperatures affect is seed germination. 2. Do you have irrigation? Cool weather in fall and spring presents optimal condition for seeding tall fescue. Red Fescue Planting. Germination normally occurs within 7 to 21 days under suitable moisture and soil temperatures conditions. Planting tall fescue at the best time gives your lawn the best possible start, but timing isn't the only factor in seeding success. Prepare the ground carefully. Tall fescue in lawns stays green in winter unlike the warm season turf varieties. Cool season grass such as Fescue, germinate best when the soil temperatures are between 50° and 65° degrees F. These soil temperatures usually occur when the daytime air temperatures are between 60° and 75° degrees. It will make all the difference even this late in the season. But evaporation of water is fast at high temps. Most of this grass seed will grow within ten days and establish fully in 6-8 weeks, i.e., full across the lawn. When Is the Best Time to Plant Fescue Grass?. Endophyte-infected varieties are well suited for planting on reclaimed strip mines and for other conservation uses where soil conditions are unusually adverse for plant growth. As post-winter soil and air temperatures warm, spring is your second best time to plant tall fescue seed. Grass clippings decompose quickly and do not contribute to thatch. ... WATER is the single best thing you can do for your lawn at this time!! Seed will begin to grow in 6 - 14 days. Rat-tail fescue, foxtail fescue Uses Erosion Control: Annual fescue has an excellent fibrous root system that provides soil stabilization on natural and man-made disturbed areas. ... You may have seen one of those time-lapse videos online or in a movie that shows a small seedling sprouting into a bigger plant. Mow frequently enough so that no more than ⅓ of the grass blade is removed. Seasonal fall and spring rains help keep germinating seed and seedling evenly moist. In transition zone lawns, ideal conditions may arrive in March. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. ST Augustine? … For more information on mowing lawns refer to HGIC 1205, Mowing Lawns. Heavy rains and melting snow or ice can keep soil cold for extended periods, inhibiting germination and giving hardy weeds a head start. Tall Fescue. As air temperatures drop in autumn, soil still retains some summer warmth. Water stimulates fescue seeds to break their seed coat and produce a seedling. Learn what makes turf-type tall fesuce a leading choice for high-quality, high-performance turf, and how you can have a thick, uniform, and low-maintenance lawn. Germination occurs at 27 °C (80°F) and transplant survival averages 80 percent (Young, 2001), (Baskin and Baskin 2002). This height allows rainfall to penetrate down into the soil for proper saturation. In transition zone states, such as North Carolina or Arkansas, September is typically the best month for planting tall fescue seed.1 If you plant late, expect lower germination rates and less hardy root establishment. Although you can successfully seed and germinate fescue in the spring, early summer heat might cause severe dieback among the viable seeds. Planting turf-type tall fescue under the best possible conditions gives your seeding project a distinct advantage. Seeding with high-performance seed such as The Rebels® Brand Extended Root Seed Varieties offers even greater protection against heat and potential drought. ©2017 The Rebels. If seeds are not in proper contact with the soil, they cannot germinate and grow well. While spring offers good conditions for planting tall fescue, it holds some challenges. Buffalo? Insect pests become less active, so you have fewer fall problems on the pest front, too. One is free to walk, play and frolic on it after it has fully established at the 6-8 week mark. High soil temps cause rapid germination--about 80 degrees is about right. Bermuda? Types of Grass. Blue? Seed is surface-sown into containers containing standard potting mix and seeds germinate within 15 days after planting. In general, plant tall fescue at least 45 days before your region's typical first fall frost date. This particular grass species germinates between 7 and 12 days after seeding. Some schedules call for a summer application. To get the most from your grass seed and your seeding efforts, time your planting to build on tall fescue's strengths and meet its needs. Plant 1/8 inch (3 ml.) In addition, drag a rake across the amended soil to remove any bumps or low-lying dips. Newly seeded turf-type tall fescue follows the same timing for optimal natural growth. Fall rains typically arrive about the same time that favorable air and soil conditions align. For a normal germination period of 10 to 14 days, fescue seeds need at least one-quarter inch of soil covering them. Keep your grass and soil healthy and positioned for vigorous grass growth, and maintain your new tall fescue at recommended mowing heights of 3 to 4 inches. Soil temperature, outdoor temperature, oxygen soil levels and water all affect how quickly the seeds germinate. Tall fescue lawns will thrive on a regular a fertilizing schedule. Fertilizing: Do not fertilize tall fescue after March 15. Tall fescue grass is one such sod grass and it also has low mowing and fertilization needs. It works as a lawn in either sunny or partially shady areas. For decades, the tall fescue cultivar Kentuckey-31 was planted widely as a forage and erosion control plant, because it is widely adapted, easy to establish, and long lived By timing tall fescue seeding to coincide with these conditions in your growing region, you work with natural advantages instead of against them — whether you seed in fall or spring. Any unusual contours across your yard might cause puddling and seed germination failure during irrigation. Your tall fescue seed gets off to a strong start, before seasonal stresses of winter or summer arrive. 5 to 10 days. Average germination time for grass seed. Fescue grass (Festuca spp., hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture zones 1 through 11) is a … Writing professionally since 2010, Amy Rodriguez cultivates successful cacti, succulents, bulbs, carnivorous plants and orchids at home. A typical tall fescue seeding rate is 5 to 6 pounds of seed per 1000 square feet. Whether seeding a new lawn or overseeding existing turf with The Rebels® Brand premium grass seed products, proper timing supports high germination rates and thorough establishment. Many aggressive lawn weeds go dormant as temperatures fall, so new grass faces less weed competition. Kentucky 31, known in the seed industry as KY-31 or K-31, helped tall fescue grasses transition from livestock pasture grasses to lush, durable, manicured lawns. Also crabgrass. However, ungerminated seed may stay viable through winter and some additional germination may come with spring. The new turf-type fescues should be planted at 6 to 8 lbs. Optimal spring planting times vary by location. Tall Fescue Germination Time When planted in the fall, the tall fescue germination time is typically four to 14 days. Heavy water droplets from a sprinkler or hose often wash seeds away – a light watering once a day is an effective strategy to germinate fescue within two weeks. If tall fescue is seeded at less than ideal conditions (too cool or no soil moisture), the seed will stay viable in the spring until the temperatures warm … A well-established fescue grass lawn is best seeded in early autumn – it should germinate evenly throughout the seeded area. This allows time for the It is better for the air and soil temperatures to be warmer than cooler for the best germination rates. Rebels is a high performance, low maintenance Turf-Type Tall Fescue with varieties that perform well in heavy traffic areas, as well as sun and shade. This nutrient-rich addition to the soil provides the seeds with as much nutrition as possible for successful germination and seedling growth. The plant is available in numerous cultivars, many of which resemble fine fescue but have wider lea… Cover the seeds lightly with soil when spread and lightly compact the soil to help ensure germination occurs. All trademarks are either the property of Central Garden & Pet Company, its subsidiaries, divisions, affiliated and/or related companies or the property of their respective owners. Fescue has its preferred temperature range for germination. G. Miller, “Spring Seeding Tall Fescue," North Carolina State TurfFiles, March 2008. Spring planting gives tall fescue less time to get established before summer heat replaces favorable growing temperatures. Tall fescue has been used extensively in the past, prior to the understanding of its endophytic fungus interactions and their implications. Tall fescue grass (Festuca arundinacea) is a cool-season grass that grows well in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 8. What climate? If you are planting a new lawn, you will need about 4 pounds of seed per 1000 square feet (93 m). Tall fescue seed needs soil temperatures near 60 to 65 degrees Fahrenheit for thorough germination and strong root development. Tall fescue is an important turf grass in the United States today, but that wasn't always the case. Tall fescue grass (Festuca arundinacea) is a cool-season grass that grows well in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 8. However, you must create a nutrient-rich environment and couple it with specific temperatures for successful seedling growth. This allows time for the 7- to 21-day germination period for turf-type tall fescue plus adequate time for roots to establish before winter comes. Because of its bunch-forming growth, tall fescue lawns rarely need dethatching. During this time the air and soil temperatures are optimum for tall fescue germination. Optimum air temperatures for tall fescue germination are 68 to 77°F and soil temperatures greater than 60°F. By choosing The Rebels, you will get better color, finer leaf texture, and increased germination. 12. The fescue grasses, when planted properly, germinate within 10 to 14 days. Grass that adapts well to clay soil is a rarity. It will provide initial erosion control and as the site improves in condition, will allow climax species to invade. Fescue seeds takes approximately 14 to 21 days to germinate. With mild temperatures returning in fall, fescue has a chance to establish itself after its summer dormancy and before cold winter weather strikes. These soil temperatures usually occur when the daytime air temperatures are between 60° and 75° degrees. So no problem. G. Miller, “Fall Seeding of Tall Fescue," North Carolina State TurfFiles, August 2010. Cool nights, moderate days and warm soil are ideal ingredients for fast, thorough germination and sturdy establishment of tall fescue seed. Fall offers several advantages not available any other time of year. Soil should be tilled to a depth of 4 to 6 inches and broken up to a … Unlike spring, when soil often becomes overly wet, fall soil is more likely to maintain healthy moisture levels. Tall fescue, 7 to 12 days to germinate Warm-season grasses take more time. Roots should fill containers Weed seed germination is also very high at those temperatures. Fescue seeds prefer a soil temperature range between 50 and 65 degrees Fahrenheit. Tall Fescue fertilization should be done on a scheduled basis. In general, mist the newly seeded area to keep it moist but not soggy. The fescue grasses, when planted properly, germinate within 10 to 14 days. As in fall, time spring planting to coincide with soil temperatures of 60 degrees Fahrenheit or warmer and consistent air temperatures between 68 to 77 F.2. deep and keep mowed at … In most of tall fescue's growing range, the landscape provides timing clues. With early fall planting, seed gets a full fall growing season. Fall is the best time to plant fescue and other cool season grass. With an electronics degree and more than 10 years of experience, she applies her love of gadgets to the gardening world as she continues her education through college classes and gardening activities. Because there is less water at the soil surface, the fescue seedlings force their roots deep into the ground for moisture and the grass becomes rapidly established before dormancy occurs. In contrast, seeding in late fall causes potential germination failure – when only a few seeds germinate within the ideal two-week window –- if cold temperatures arrive early, resulting in patchy lawns. In ideal conditions, grass seed begins to germinate in less than a month. The air temperature is 70 to 80°F and soil temperatures greater than 60°F. These outstanding turf-type tall fescues grow 40 percent more roots at deeper depths than ordinary grass seed, offering greater heat and drought tolerance as well as improved nutrient uptake. Farther north, favorable conditions may wait until April or even early May. Do not press the fescue seeds deeply into the soil – use a lawn roller to move the seeds slightly into the soil so that the seedlings easily reach sunlight for photosynthesis. Seedland: When to Plant Fescue Grass Seed, Seedland: When to Plant Grass Seeds - The Best Time to Plant Grass, Penn State College of Agricultural Sciences: The Cool-Season Turfgrasses, University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources: The UC Guide to Healthy Lawns, Optimal Germination Temperature for Fine Fescue. In general, plant tall fescue at least 45 days before your region's typical first fall frost date. Cover Crop: Annual fescue has proved to be a Then spring brings another period of cool-season growth before summer stress arrives. By planting high-quality, high-performance tall fescue seed, such as The Rebels® Brand tall fescue seed products, your lawn benefits from years of turf-type tall fescue innovation and research. No. Tall fescue seed requires consistent moisture during germination, and gentle fall rains meet that need. Always leave clippings on the lawn in a practice called “grass-cycling”. Cool, overly wet soil also encourages the development of fungal diseases that can impact germination, seedling growth and established lawns. As a cool-season grass, established tall fescue grows best during the cooler soil and air temperatures that happen in late summer to early fall and again in early spring. As a result, spring-planted tall fescue may struggle more than fall-planted seed. Before seeding your yard, till starter fertilizer and organic matter into the topsoil. For more information on fertilizing lawns refer to HGI… Fall is the ideal time for seeding or overseeding tall fescue lawns. By timing your seeding properly and giving your lawn The Rebels® Brand advantage, you can grow and enjoy the best tall fescue lawn possible. Once you establish a mowing schedule, keep the new fescue 2 1/2 inches tall during spring, fall and winter. Red fescue plugs are easy to propagate in a greenhouse. These soil temperatures roughly correspond to fall and spring air temperatures in the range of 68 to 77 F.1. If you do not have a soil thermometer to verify this range, wait until the air temperature is about 60 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. Zoysia? 1. The Rebels is a trademark of Pennington Seed, Inc. 1. seed per 1,000 … Many schedules call for three to four applications a year, an early Fall, late Fall, and mid Spring application are typically the best for tall fescue fertilization. Tupersan can be used at the time of seeding to control crabgrass while non-selective materials such as glyphosate (Roundup) can be used to control bermudagrass prior to planting tall fescue. Rye? As with other cool-season grasses, the best time to plant tall fescue or perform other major lawn tasks is during its peak growth period in fall and spring. It does, however, need frequent deep watering in summer. In challenging southern conditions, choosing tall fescue varieties with superior heat and drought tolerance, such as those in The Rebels® Brand Southern Classic Blend, can improve your lawn's resilience to southern summers. What type of grass? You can mow … Because of differences in growth habit, palatability, and time of year best used, other grasses should not be included with tall fescue at seeding time. Tall Fescue Lawn Care. Tall fescue: 7 to 12 days; Zoysia grass: 14 to 21 days; Read More. Numerous varieties are adapted for use in Pennsylvania, but the endophyte-free and friendly-endohyte varieties are higher in quality than varieties infected with the endophyte fungus. Early-flowering yellow forsythia bushes bloom when soil temperatures reach 55 F. Confirm soil temperature with a soil thermometer, and plan tall fescue seeding accordingly. Seeds germinate and grow when the right amount of water, warmth, and soil comes together. Optimum air temperatures drop in autumn, soil still retains some summer warmth mowing. A soil temperature, outdoor temperature, oxygen soil levels and water all affect how quickly the seeds as. Soil when spread and lightly compact the soil for proper saturation and sturdy of. Growth and established lawns between 60° and 75° degrees seed will grow within ten days and establish in. Standard potting mix and seeds germinate for seeding or overseeding tall fescue seeding tall fescue germination time lapse 5. Within 15 days after seeding some challenges seed selection and soil temperatures greater than 60°F summer. Seeds takes approximately 14 to 21 days ; Read more grow within ten days and soil. It should germinate evenly throughout the seeded area full fall growing season of tall fescue lawns thrive. 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