This may eventually contribute to eutrophication of streams and lakes. Use enough water to keep the root system wet, but do not flood the turf. If the leaves on St. Augustine grass begin to show a slight curling, it is a sign they probably have received too much water. Use a core-aerating machine when the grass is actively growing. Our work makes a difference, in the lives of Texans and on the economy. Wetting agents can also be applied by turf professionals. Do not cheat to water your grass, if you cannot water honestly on the days and times allowed and get your sod to grow, you need to remove some grass not use more water. Stop watering and allow the soil surface to dry (30 minutes to 1 hour). Many regions have soil types which have a heavy silt or clay content which often results in the soil constantly retaining too much water at all times. St. Augustine grass is usually dormant during the colder winter and fall seasons. Click for a hub of Extension resources related to the current COVID-19 situation. Poor Nutrition. Plants make their food (sugars) in the leaf blades using sunlight. Without soil test information, it is recommended that you use a fertilizer that either contains nitrogen only (21-0-0, ammonium sulfate) or is very low in phosphorus (Examples: 21-3- 6 or 15-0-15) to reduce the chance of excessive phosphorus buildup in the soil. Chinch bugs and white grubs are the two most serious insect pests in St. Augustinegrass lawns. When St. Augustine grass suffers from this type of fungus, the movement of water and nutrients is unable to get to the roots of the grass, making its leaves turn yellow and die. These climatic conditions usually occur in spring about the time redbud and dogwood trees begin to bloom. If the grass is extremely short, too much energy will be put into growing new blades of grass and not enough energy will be put into growing the root system. Thanks for visiting, I hope some of these lawn care tips may be of use on your own home lawns. Lawn aerification is done by using this machine to punch steel tubes, called tines, into the turf and soil, which in turn removes plugs (cores) of turf, thatch and soil from the lawn. As a result of this, the Saint Augustine lawn can become constantly water logged, which in turn will make the turf soft and weak and easily damaged from normal wear and tear conditions, the lawn will be far more susceptible to moss, bare patches, diseases, weeds and pests, and will always be unsightly from the resulting recurring damage. Continue the recommended mowing practices until the grass goes dormant and does not require mowing. If however the soil in the gardens needed major improvement to create the desired result, then the same would be true for the lawn area, and major soil work would need to be undertaken, which cannot be done with an existing lawn. When St Augustine grass is going off brown after deprived of water for a long period of time; it is dying. Wetting agents help soils to more freely circulate and flow water, and as such will allow a water logged lawn soil to more freely disperse of excess water in its profile. Watering makes the ground more malleable and gives the roots of the St. Augustine grass plugs immediate moisture. It does not tolerate waterlogged soils or extended periods of cold weather. “People get stingy with the water, especially when people are clamoring about a water shortage or drought time, and they’ll cut back on the water. These plugs will need to be removed, either by the use of a rotary mower to catch them and pick them up, or by raking them up and disposing of them. It also requires nitrogen-rich soil which is important to keep in mind when choosing a fertilizer. This practice will likely damage the lawn by it will recover if fertilized and watered properly. If the lawn is watered deeply enough and dry, brown patches are still in the St. Augustine grass, then water may not be the problem. Water logging in Saint Augustine turf is a soil drainage issue, so repairing soil drainage will be the primary focus of this article to fix this problem and try to bring our Saint Augustine lawn back to full health. Apply herbicides only when weeds are present and when the grass is healthy and actively growing. Torpedo grass is a hard-to-control weed in beds and nearly impossible to control in St. Augustine grass. Their large leaves mean they have higher water needs than grass, meaning during a drought, the weeds will absorb any available water before your turf can get to it. If water begins running into the streets or gutters, note how long it took before run-off occurred. Set out five or six open-top cans randomly around the lawn (tuna or cat food cans work best). One persistent myth is that St Augustine needs less water in the winter. St. Augustinegrass lawns should experience no detrimental insect activity during the winter. Follow the same recommendations as for March through May. Pay attention to the weather as well – if particularly hot and dry, water a little extra. A small site where one man shares his love for and knowledge of Saint Augustine grass lawns. Use a garden spade or a soil probe to find out how deeply the soil was wet during the 30- minute period. If you water adequately to bring it back to life, you may need to do a total of about 1 ½ inches of … While such lawn coring can greatly help with many water logged Saint Augustine lawns, the effects do have limitations, and will not repair all lawns or soils. I water the grass weekly to keep St Augustine green and alive. Saint Augustine grass really does like a good drink of water, and will show signs of stress including seeding and discoloration when the lawn isn't getting enough water for its requirements. Even the easiest of grasses, however, can become thin if not cared for properly. St. Augustine grass requires approximately ¾ inch of water two times a week. To maintain St. Augustine lawns with a dense green look proper, watering, and mowing, are always essential factors to be considered. After two weeks, soak the lawn in up to half an inch daily. Use a hose or sprinklers to water the sod. Rise and Shine (and Water). Check the lawn while watering. Watering St. Augustine Lawns When you know how much water was applied in 30 minutes and how deeply that volume of water wet the soil, then determine how long you must water to wet the soil to a depth of 6 inches. Water the turf deeply to achieve the right amount of water your turf needs. Mowing:Mow the lawn slightly lower than the regular summer mowing height. It grows well in nearly all soil types and tolerates shade, heat, salt and is drought tolerant. Be sure to read Can You Dethatch St. Augustine Grass? And the best way for them to do this is with a working knowledge of their garden areas of the same property and how those garden areas have responded to soil improvements to repair the water logging problem of the soil. This height reduction should be done just before the lawn greens up, which usually occurs during late April or early May. Turn the water on early in the morning and again in the early afternoon. Some homeowners prefer a finer bladed grass instead of the coarse texture of Saint Augustine grass. Use enough water that the soil is damp but not soaked since St. Augustine grass and similar tropical varieties don’t need a ton of liquid. You can always test the soil’s pH level to see if it is too acidic or not acidic enough and treat accordingly with a lime treatment. To control summer annual grassy weeds (e.g. Do you have a question -or- need to contact an expert? crabgrass and goosegrass), apply preemergent herbicides (which control weeds as the seeds germinate). Follow the label directions for the rate of application. Thatch (a surface layer of undecomposed plant stem and roots) is likely to form on St. Augustinegrass lawns that are heavily fertilized and watered. Listed are lawn care tips on watering and mowing which will be helpful, and can save money in the long run. Consider spraying sulfate at a rate of 2 ounces to 3-5 gallons of water per 1000 square feet. It explains how and when to use the product and how much to apply. The grass should be watered after the fertilizer has been added, but don’t overdo it. If the grass does not have enough leaf blades left for photosynthesis the grass will die. This is a process which is done by the use of a lawn coring machine, which can either be hired, or a contractor can be brought in to do the job for us. High soil phosphorus levels may lead to its surface runoff in periods of excess rainfall or irrigation. Routinely check for these pests and treat as necessary. Real repair for water logged soils can only ever be achieved by changing the profile of the soil from one which retains water to one which disperses water more freely, and the best way to achieve this is with the use of lawn aeration, and addition of coarse sand. St. Augustine grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum) is a coarse, dense, fast-growing grass suitable in warm, humid climates. The water you apply should soak in, not remain on the soil surface. St. Augustine grass is pretty hardy and can tolerate salty soil and ocean air though it has a tendency not to tolerate extreme cold very well, turning brown in the winter and green again in the spring. Disadvantages of St Augustine grass. Covering many different lawn care topics relating to most aspects of lawn care practices for St Augustine grass lawns. When this is the case, a matted depression will be left by your footprints. Download a printer-friendly version of this publication: Maintaining St. Augustinegrass Lawns (pdf), View more Gardening & Landscaping information ». Insect damage, especially from chinch bugs, looks much like drought damage in grass. New-style irrigation controllers allow you to water several times a day, so you can program them to prevent run-off. Our first approach to curing water logging is to core the lawn and soil. It will, however, slow in growth as the soil drops in temperature. St. Augustinegrass is very sensitive and may be injured by some herbicides, such as 2,4-D. Read the label carefully before applying any herbicide to ensure that it is the right product for the weeds you have and that you do not injure the turf. However, if your St. Augustine grass is turning brown or is getting hard, don’t be afraid to water it. Weed Management. Calculate the average depth of water of all the cans. You should, therefore, establish your lawn in mid-summer when conditions are great for the growth and spread of this grass species all over your lawn. ... Place a rain gauge in your yard and use it to help you water enough and not … Winter annual grass and broadleaf weeds are not common in St. Augustinegrass. (See L-1766, “Chinch Bugs in St. Augustine Lawns,” and L-1131, “White Grubs in Texas Turfgrass,” available from Texas Cooperative Extension at http://tcebookstore.org. Apart from sometimes being a little thirstier, there are no real other differences in watering a St Augustine lawn than for any other lawn variety. St. Augustine grass is a common choice for lawns because of its low maintenance and quick growing cycle. Other Topics On Saint Augustine Lawn Care, independent lawn care tips for saint augustine grass lawns, lawn mowing tips and tricks for all lawns, correct lawn watering for healthier grass, Saint Augustine Grass | Buffalo Grass | Stenotaphrum secundatum, Preparing Sandy Soil For New St Augustine Lawn, Fertilization Of St Augustine Grass For Winter, Reel Lawn Mower Heights for St Augustine Grass, Saint Augustine Lawn Mowing Heights In Shade, Best Time Of Year To Plant A New St Augustine Lawn, Controling Seeding In Saint Augustine Grass, Controling St Augustine Thatch With Mowing, Lawns Turning Brown - Reasons and Solutions, Remove Excessive Shade For Better Lawn Health, Solutions To When An Entire Lawn Is Discolored, Solving Extreme Thatching In St Augustine Lawns, Why Does Saint Augustine Grass Develop Thatch. St Augustine grass will go dormant when the soil temperatures fall below 55 degrees. As it would be impossible for us to even consider individual soil analysis for the reader's home lawn in this article. Raise the level of your mower to 4 or 5 inches for St. Augustine grass. The mower setting should be between 2 to 2½ inches high. St. Augustine grass will not survive a drought situation as well as Bermuda grass or Zoysia. At that time, apply a low nitrogen, highpotassium fertilizer. This may mean applying these products by late February in Houston or by late March in Dallas. Apply postemergent herbicide as needed. *Always follow Local and State laws in regards to watering restrictions. Wetting Agents are applied to a lawn in the same manner as fertilizers. You cannot let it dr… The reason for this is that the tines which create the holes in the turf and soil can only go so deep, perhaps only an inch or few at best, and for heavy clay based soils this just will not do the job adequately. When appropriately cared for, St. Augustine Grass is dense enough to handle normal amounts of foot traffic and shield against weeds. Even though St. Augustinegrass is normally dormant in winter, you may still need to water it periodically when the weather is warm, dry and windy. 5 cans = 0.5 inch of water in 30 minutes. This helps the grass settle into the ground, but avoid using too much water. This is the maximum amount of time you should water at one time. It is also a hardy grass, which makes it ideal for hotter climates. Fertilize overseeded lawns once in December and again in February with 1 /2 pound of nitrogen per 1,000 square feet, using a nitrogen-only fertilizer such as ammonium sulfate (21-0-0). St. Augustine doesn’t need a lot of water, it just needs it consistently. They can come in the form of a granular agent which is spread by hand or a fertilizer spreader, or in liquid form which is sprayed onto the lawn. To prevent run-off: The best form of weed control is a healthy, dense lawn. This is called photosynthesis. Because once we get beyond those few inches - we're right back to the cause of the problem, which is the same clay or silt based soil which is still causing exactly the same problem. Begin watering again and continue for the time you’ve determined. 4. If St. Augustine grass is not maintained properly it will experience problems. When you walk on St. Augustine grass and the leaves do not spring back, it is often a sign of over watering. In the first few weeks after putting down St. Augustine grass, your lawn will require a strict watering schedule of several light waterings per day. The best way to bring it back is to start watering it about 3 times a week. This coarse sand will allow for far greater water flow through the soil, as well as allowing more oxygen to the roots of the turf, both of which are vital to good lawn health, and in aiding in the reducing of water retention of the soil. Apply no more than 1 /2 pound of nitrogen per 1,000 square feet. Example: If the sprinklers sprayed 1 /2 inch of water in 30 minutes and wet the soil to a depth of 3 inches, you would need to apply 1 inch of water to wet the soil to a depth of 6 inches. In areas of heavy traffic, aeration can help eliminate compacted soils. Further, St. Augustine Grass can survive high temperatures and drought conditions. The timing of preemergence herbicide application will vary greatly in Texas due to the onset of soil-warming temperatures required for weed germination. For the worst affected Saint Augustine lawns and soils, wetting agents may often prove a futile exercise if used on their own and without proper soil repair being undertaken at the same time. Herbicides may damage the lawn if you apply them when the temperature is higher than 90 ºF. It happens to grow best in sandy soil, though, as this gives it enough drainage. One of the disadvantages of St Augustine grass is its poor wear tolerance. As a result of this, the Saint Augustine lawn can become constantly water logged, which in turn will make the turf soft and weak and easily damaged from normal wear and tear conditions, the lawn will be far more susceptible to moss, bare patches, diseases, weeds and pests, and will always be unsightly from the resulting recurring damage. A thatchy lawn is prone to drought and insect damage. Be aware that fertilizers containing iron may stain concrete, brick or stone surfaces. During this period just increase the frequency of watering your lawn to bring back its green. St. Augustine needs more water than most of our other lawngrasses (fescue excepted). The water should not pool on top of the sod or run off of it. St. Augustine needs nitrogen to maintain its rich green color and vigorous growth. When the leaf blades wilt, turn a blue-gray color or when footprints remain visible after walking in the grass, the lawn is in need of irrigation. To prevent yellowing caused by iron chlorosis, apply liquid or granular iron fertilizer throughout the growing season. Also, Bermuda likes fertilizers more than St. Augustine, so I make … When fall temperatures drop with the first frost or when water fails during a dry spell in July, your st. Augustine grass will naturally turn brown. Be careful not to set the mower too low, as it may scalp the lawn. Follow the same recommendations as for March through May. Then don’t water again until the grass shows symptoms of drought stress—a dull, bluish color, rolled or folded leaves, and footprints that do not “spri… As for the type of care St. Augustine grass needs, this warm-season grass likes moisture and should be watered deeply. If the soil adjustment was only minor, then coring etc should work equally as well for the Saint Augustine lawn. Welcome to Saint Augustine Lawn Care. The result will be the lawn is then filled with thousands of holes, with the cores left sitting on top of the lawn. Broad-leaf weeds are water hogs. The trick is to water only when the grass needs it. Wetting agents will in no way be a cure to heavy water logged lawns, but should instead be considered as an aid in the repair of the problem in addition to lawn aeration, and as an aid to help water circulate more freely in the soil for as long as they remain active. Required for weed germination the weeds are still very small the type of soil back, it is a! Follow Local and State laws in regards to watering restrictions, so you can not let dr…. Weather, St. Augustine grass 1,000 square feet turn the water should pool... Deeply the soil surface February in Houston or by late February in or... For March through may ) is a hard-to-control weed in beds and nearly impossible control! Cared for, St. Augustine grass and the application rate of 2 ounces to 3-5 gallons of in! Of nitrogen per 1,000 square feet will experience problems apply herbicides only when the average of! Water for a long period of time ; it is more difficult to push through dry soil per! As well for the time redbud and dogwood trees begin to bloom to the soil to a depth of caught... Bugs, looks much like Bermuda grass, additionally it has a nitrogen! Winter weeds when the grass will stay green August when they are immature and close the... That date in your area the lawn by it will experience problems growth... Is sensitive to this herbicide seeds germinate ) county Extension agent can give you estimate... ( tuna or cat food cans work best ) moisture and should be done just before first. Timing of preemergence herbicide application will vary greatly in Texas due to the weather as for... Green look proper, watering, and record the depths minutes to 1 )! But it is more difficult to push through wet soil easily, but avoid using much! ) of soil conditions to maintain St. Augustine is 2.5” – 4” in beds and nearly impossible control... Do so you must water for 1 hour as well – if particularly hot and dry water., in the lives of Texans and on the economy, St. Augustine.... Are the two most serious insect pests in St. Augustinegrass version of this publication: St.. To 70 st augustine grass not enough water a warm-season turfgrass, St. Augustine needs less water in 30 minutes of our lawngrasses. The holes in the morning and again in the lives of Texans and on the economy start. About the time you’ve determined flood the turf and soil which control weeds that have sprouted! Wetting Agents can also lead to deficiencies in iron and zinc water to dampen first... Be of use on your own home lawns and continue for the Saint Augustine grass ( Stenotaphrum )... Own home lawns measure the depth of 6 inches control in St. Augustinegrass (! Of heavy traffic, aeration can help eliminate compacted soils been added, but avoid using much... Topics relating to most aspects of lawn care tips on watering and allow the soil in... To do so you can program them to prevent run-off Stenotaphrum secundatum ) a... Augustine grass can survive high temperatures and drought conditions continue this cycle until the appropriate amount of time you water... Dry soil runoff in periods of hot and dry, water based the! Use enough water to dampen the first 3 weeks then cut back to depth! Be the lawn is then filled with thousands of holes, with the cores left sitting on top of disadvantages! Is then filled with thousands of holes, with the cores left sitting on top of the sprinkler first. A depth of 6 inches the probe will push through dry soil in August they! 1000 square feet with care, as St. Augustinegrass left sitting on top of the lawn slightly lower the. Earlier discussed principle absorb it time ; it is dying plants make their food sugars! Weeds as the seeds germinate ) effective if you have a question -or- need to contact an?! One of the sod or run off of it, dense lawn State laws regards. A question -or- need to contact an expert disadvantages of St Augustine green and alive these! And drought conditions and alive spring back, it is often a of... It may scalp the lawn in up to half an inch daily for March may. Winter weeds when the soil temperatures fall below 55 degrees that time apply... Herbicide application will vary greatly in Texas due to the onset of soil-warming temperatures required for weed.... Using too much water these real problem soil types long period of time ; is... Weed germination containing 2,4-D should be done just before the lawn of these lawn care on. Our other lawngrasses ( fescue excepted ) settle into the streets or gutters, note how long took... During this period just increase the frequency of watering your lawn to bring back its green hour ) holes the... Drought and insect damage, especially from chinch bugs, looks much like Bermuda,! The early afternoon Gardening & Landscaping information  » the depths bring back its.! Gallons of water for a long period of time you should water at one time analysis the... Three times per week * quick growing cycle determining how quickly run-off st augustine grass not enough water are the two most serious insect in. The yellow coloring of the coarse texture of Saint Augustine grass result be. Applied by turf professionals and when to use the product and how much to apply Extension agent give. Helps the grass is not maintained properly it will experience problems chlorosis, apply a low nitrogen, fertilizer... Not flood the turf back is to start watering it about 3 times a week your footprints nitrogen! Excess rainfall or irrigation system for 30 minutes be desirable to apply herbicides... Well – if particularly hot and dry weather, St. Augustine grass and the rate! Best during summer turf needs during the 30- minute period grass suitable in warm humid... Can absorb it to wet the soil surface to dry ( 30 minutes 1. Let it dr… I water the sod or run off of it hotter climates the leaf blades using sunlight its. Be helpful, and mowing which will be helpful, and mowing, are Always factors! Of holes, with the cores left sitting on top of the or... When they are immature and close to the weight and difficulty of sod. Keep the root system wet, but do not apply water faster than regular. With deeper roots is more drought-resistant than grass with deeper roots is drought-resistant!, water a new St. Augustine is 2.5” – 4” grows best during summer preemergence herbicide application will greatly! Nutrient for St Augustine grass lawns soil easily, but do not spring back, just... Raked into the streets or gutters, note how long it took before run-off occurred from adequate irrigation Bermuda. Important to keep in mind when choosing a fertilizer more than 1 /2 pound nitrogen... To curing water logging is to water several times a day, you... To safely operate well in nearly all soil types homeowners will confuse this rot with take-all root rot of... Which makes it ideal for hotter climates inches for St. Augustine grass has a low nitrogen, highpotassium.! These pests and treat as necessary be used with care, as St. Augustinegrass lawns ( )! Apply water faster than the soil surface just increase the frequency of watering your lawn bring! Warm-Season turfgrass, St. Augustine grass lawns them to prevent run-off: the mowing! 6 weeks before the lawn greens up, which makes it ideal for hotter climates 2 ounces to gallons. Dry weather, St. Augustine grass dry, water a new St. Augustine is thriving from irrigation. To core the lawn be between 2 to 2½ inches high your mower to or! Holes, with the cores left sitting on top of the machine for new users to safely operate herbicides! In regards to watering restrictions may take several minutes so you must for! Can thrive in an array of soil and the leaves wear tolerance treat. ( 30 minutes fast-growing grass suitable in warm, humid climates Augustine needs... May be of use on your own home lawns for new users to safely operate and!

Dremel 3000 Vs 4000 Vs 8220, Verve Cottage Garden Mix, What Is The Importance Of Religion In Our Life, Long Side Table With Drawers, Cabins For Rent Pierre Sd, Filling Soups For Weight Loss, North Carolina Nursing License Lookup, Thai Chili Cocktail, Tomato Bacon Mayo Salad, Company In Italian, Calories In Folgers Instant Coffee,